Yes, one type of high fructose corn syrup has been renamed to simply be “fructose.” The issue here is that high fructose corn syrup and fructose are most definitely NOT the same thing. Even if one type of high fructose corn syrup is mostly made of fructose, it still is not 100% fructose, and therefore should not be labeled as such. The words cannot be used interchangeably in real life conversations, so why is the food industry allowed to use the words interchangeably on the packaging that tells Americans what is in the food they (and their children) consume?
The Corn Refiners Association (CRA) explains high fructose corn syrup in detail, along with mentioning one type of corn syrup, HFCS-90 (that “HFCS” stands for High Fructose Corn Syrup, by the way):
HFCS-90, is sometimes used in natural and “light” foods, where very little is needed to provide sweetness. Syrups with 90% fructose will not state high fructose corn syrup on the label, they will state “fructose” or “fructose syrup.”
As previously mentioned, fructose and high fructose corn syrup are simply two different things. The Facts about Fructose article on fructose.org states the following:
Crystalline fructose and High Fructose Corn Syrup are not the same
People often use the terms “high fructose corn syrup (HFCS)” and fructose interchangeably; however they are not the same. While pure crystalline fructose contains fructose alone, HFCS contains nearly equal amounts of glucose and fructose, similar to sucrose (table sugar).
This is a hot topic for the group Citizens for Heath, an organization that only a few months ago amended and broadened the scope of a previous petition to the FDA requiring the labeling of specific amounts in products containing high fructose corn syrup.
The petition, which has so far received more than 10,000 favorable comments, with its only opposition coming from the Corn Refiners Association (whose members manufacture HFCS), has now been revised to include a request that companies be notified that “any product containing HFCS sweetener with more than 55% fructose is considered to be adulterated” under federal regulations and “cannot be sold in interstate commerce.”